Careers Directory

Use our careers directory to research different sectors, understand the main tasks within job roles and average salaries, learn about which qualifications you should consider studying and explore the current job and apprenticeship vacancies in Hertfordshire.

  • Actors, entertainers and presenters

    Actors, entertainers and presenters sing, portray roles in dramatic productions, perform comedy routines, gymnastic feats and tricks of illusion, train animals to perform and perform with them, and introduce and…
    Creative and media
  • Actuaries, economists and statisticians

    Jobholders in this unit group apply theoretical principles and practical techniques to assess risk and formulate probabilistic outcomes in order to inform economic and business policy, and to analyse and…
    Administration Business and finance Science and research
  • Advertising accounts managers and creative directors

    Advertising accounts managers and creative directors plan, design, organise and direct the advertising activities of an organisation.
    Business and finance Creative and media Managerial
  • Advertising and public relations directors

    Advertising and public relations directors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the advertising, public relations and public information activities of an organisation.
    Creative and media Managerial Retail and sales
  • Agricultural and fishing trades n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of agricultural and fishing tasks not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 511: Agricultural and Related Trades.
    Animal care Environment and land
  • Agricultural machinery drivers

    Job holders in this unit group operate and drive tractors, combine harvesters or other farm vehicles to clear and cultivate land and to sow and harvest plants and crops.
    Transport
  • Air traffic controllers

    Air traffic controllers prepare flight plans, authorise flight departures and arrivals and maintain radio, radar and/or visual contact with aircraft to ensure the safe movement of air traffic.
    Transport
  • Air transport operatives

    Air transport operatives refuel, load and unload aircraft, direct the movement of aircraft at airports, and positions gangways or staircases to allow passengers to board and disembark aircraft.
    Transport
  • Air travel assistants

    Air travel assistants issue travel tickets and boarding passes, examine other documentation, provide information and assistance at airport terminals and look after the welfare, comfort and safety of passengers travelling…
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Air-conditioning and refrigeration engineers

    Jobholders in this unit group install, service and repair air-conditioning and refrigeration systems in factories, offices, shops and homes.
    Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • Aircraft maintenance and related trades

    Jobholders in this unit group fit, service, repair and overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies. Licensed aircraft engineers are coded to UNIT GROUP 3113.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

    Aircraft flight deck officers check, regulate, adjust and test engines and other equipment prior to take-off, navigate and pilot aircraft and give flying lessons.
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Ambulance staff (excluding paramedics)

    Ambulance staff transport sick, injured and convalescent persons and give first aid treatment in emergencies.
    Healthcare
  • Animal care services occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group care for animals held in kennels, stables, zoos and similar establishments, provide specialised training, grooming, clipping and trimming services for animals, and searches for and…
    Animal care
  • Architects

    Architects plan and design the construction and development of buildings and land areas with regard to functional and aesthetic requirements.
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Architectural and town planning technicians

    Architectural and town planning technicians perform a variety of technical support functions to assist architects and planners with the design of buildings and the layout of urban and rural areas.
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Archivists and curators

    Archivists and curators collect, appraise and preserve collections of recorded and other material of historical interest.
    Creative and media Teaching and education
  • Artists

    Artists create artistic works using appropriate techniques, materials and media; design artwork and illustrations; and restore damaged pieces of art.
    Creative and media
  • Arts officers, producers and directors

    Arts officers, producers and directors assume creative, financial and organisational responsibilities in the production and direction of television and radio programmes, films, stage presentations, content for other media, and the…
    Creative and media
  • Assemblers (electrical and electronic products)

    Jobholders in this unit group wire up prepared parts and/or sub-assemblies in the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment, make coils and wiring harnesses and assemble previously prepared parts in…
    Manufacturing
  • Assemblers (vehicles and metal goods)

    Jobholders in this unit group undertake the routine assembly of vehicles and other metal goods or components such as frames, axles, wire brushes and wheels.
    Manufacturing
  • Assemblers and routine operatives n.e.c.

    Jobholders in this unit group perform assembly and routine operative tasks not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 813: Assemblers and Routine Operatives.
    Manufacturing
  • Authors, writers and translators

    Job holders in this unit group write, edit and evaluate literary material for publication excluding material for newspapers, magazines and other periodicals but including scripts and narrative for film, TV,…
    Creative and media
  • Bakers and flour confectioners

    Bakers and flour confectioners prepare and bake dough, pastry and cake mixtures and make and finish flour confectionary products by hand.
    Hospitality and food Retail and sales
  • Bank and post office clerks

    Bank and post office clerks deal with the payment and receipt of money, cheques and other routine financial transactions and open and close accounts. They advise upon financial products and…
    Administration Business and finance
  • Bar staff

    Bar staff prepare, mix and serve alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks and beverages at bars in public houses, hotels, clubs and other establishments.
    Hospitality and food Retail and sales
  • Barristers and judges

    Job holders in this unit group prepare and conduct court cases on behalf of clients, preside over judicial proceedings, and pronounce judgements within a variety of court settings and tribunals.
    Law and legal
  • Beauticians and related occupations

    Beauticians and related workers give facial and body beauty treatments, apply cosmetics and dress wigs.
    Beauty and wellbeing
  • Biological scientists and biochemists

    Biological scientists and biochemists examine and investigate the morphology, structure, chemistry and physical characteristics of living organisms, including their inter-relationships, environments and diseases.
    Science and research
  • Boat and ship builders and repairers

    Boat and ship builders and repairers construct, install and repair wooden structures and fittings, and shape, position, rivet and seal metal plates and girders to form the metal structures and…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Book-keepers, payroll managers and wages clerks

    Book-keepers, payroll managers and wages clerks maintain and balance records of financial transactions, oversee the operation of payroll functions and calculate hours worked, wages due and other relevant contributions and…
    Administration Business and finance
  • Bricklayers and masons

    Bricklayers and masons erect and repair structures of stone, brick and similar materials and cut, shape and polish granite, marble, slate and other stone for building, ornamental and other purposes.
    Construction and trades
  • Brokers

    Brokers deal in commodities, stocks, shares and foreign exchange on behalf of clients or on own account, broker insurance and reinsurance, and buy and sell shipping and freight space.
    Administration Business and finance
  • Building and civil engineering technicians

    Building and civil engineering technicians perform a variety of technical support functions to assist civil and building engineers.
    Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance Science and research
  • Bus and coach drivers

    Bus and coach drivers drive road passenger-carrying vehicles such as buses, coaches and mini-buses.
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Business and financial project management professionals

    Job holders in this unit group manage and oversee major projects across all sectors of modern industry, commerce and the public sector, in areas such as e-commerce, business analysis, finance,…
    Administration Business and finance Managerial
  • Business and related associate professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group advise on the effectiveness of an organisation’s procedures, systems and methods and perform other business and related functions not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP…
    Business and finance
  • Business and related research professionals

    Business and related research professionals carry out a variety of research activities for the broadcast and print media, for the police and armed forces intelligence services, for national security agencies…
    Administration Business and finance Science and research
  • Business sales executives

    Business sales executives provide advice to existing and potential customers, and receive orders for specialist machinery, equipment, materials and other products or services that require technical knowledge.
    Retail and sales
  • Business, research and administrative professionals n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group advise on the formulation and implementation of policy in the public and private sectors, develop and implement substantial business, statistical and administrative systems, and perform…
    Administration Business and finance
  • Butchers

    Butchers direct and undertake the slaughter of animals and prepare carcasses for storage, processing and sale.
    Hospitality and food Retail and sales
  • Buyers and procurement officers

    Buyers and procurement officers organise and undertake the buying of raw materials, equipment and merchandise from manufacturers, importers, wholesalers and other sources for wholesale distribution, resale or for own internal…
    Retail and sales
  • Call and contact centre occupations

    Workers in this unit group receive and respond to telephone calls from potential clients and existing customers regarding the products and services offered by an organisation.
    Administration Retail and sales
  • Care escorts

    Care escorts accompany and transport adults and children with disability between their places of residence and other destinations and act as chaperones for under 16s engaged in theatrical, television and…
    Healthcare Social care
  • Care workers and home carers

    Care workers and home carers attend to the personal needs and comforts of the elderly and the infirm with care and support needs (‘service users’) within residential care establishments, day…
    Healthcare Home services Social care
  • Careers advisers and vocational guidance specialists

    Job holders in this unit group give advice on careers or occupations, training courses and related matters, direct school leavers and other job seekers into employment and assess their progress.
    Government services Social care Teaching and education
  • Caretakers

    Caretakers supervise and undertake the care and maintenance of church, school, office and other buildings, their facilities, fixtures and contents.
    Engineering and maintenance Home services
  • Carpenters and joiners

    Carpenters and joiners construct, erect, install and repair wooden structures and fittings used in internal and external frameworks and cut, shape, fit and assemble wood to make templates, jigs, scale…
    Construction and trades
  • Catering and bar managers

    Catering and bar managers plan, direct and co-ordinate the catering and bar facilities and services of licensed premises, factories, shops, theatres, educational premises and other establishments. They also manage outside…
    Hospitality and food Managerial Retail and sales
  • Chartered and certified accountants

    Jobholders in this unit group provide accounting and auditing services, advise clients on financial matters, collect and analyse financial information and perform other accounting duties required by management for the…
    Administration Business and finance
  • Chartered architectural technologists

    Chartered architectural technologists provide architectural design services, negotiate construction projects and manage the development of projects from conception to completion.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades
  • Chartered surveyors

    Chartered surveyors conduct surveys related to the measurement, management, valuation and development of land, natural resources, buildings, other types of property, and infrastructure such as harbours, roads and railway lines.
    Construction and trades
  • Chefs

    Chefs plan menus and prepare, or oversee the preparation of food in hotels, restaurants, clubs, private households and other establishments.
    Hospitality and food
  • Chemical and related process operatives

    Job holders in this unit group operate plant and machinery in the processing of chemical and related materials by chemical, heat or other treatment, manufacture synthetic materials and bleach, dye…
    Manufacturing Science and research
  • Chemical scientists

    Chemical scientists analyse and research physical aspects of chemical structure and change within substances and develop chemical techniques used in the manufacture or modification of natural substances and processed products.
    Science and research
  • Chief executives and senior officials

    This unit group includes those who head large enterprises and organisations. They plan, direct and co-ordinate, with directors and managers, the resources necessary for the various functions and specialist activities…
    Administration Managerial
  • Child and early years officers

    Child and early years officers work with babies and with children up to 14 years of age (or 16 for those with special needs), providing support, help and advice to…
    Social care Teaching and education
  • Childminders and related occupations

    Childminders and related occupations provide day-to-day care of children within a domestic setting, and supervise and participate in their play, educational and other activities.
    Social care
  • Civil engineers

    Civil engineers undertake research and design, direct construction and manage the operation and maintenance of civil and mining engineering structures.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Cleaners and domestics

    Cleaners and domestics clean interiors of private houses, shops, hotels, schools, offices and other buildings.
    Home services
  • Cleaning and housekeeping managers and supervisors

    Workers in this unit group manage and supervise cleaning and other housekeeping tasks within private households, hotels, schools, hostels and other non-private households, and in offices and other premises.
    Home services Managerial
  • Clergy

    Members of the clergy provide spiritual motivation and guidance, conduct worship according to the form of service of a particular faith/denomination and perform related functions associated with religious beliefs and…
    Social care
  • Coal mine operatives

    Coal mine operatives detonate charges and use cutting equipment to extract coal from coal faces, build and dismantle roof and wall supports in underground coal workings, and transport coal and…
    Environment and land Manufacturing
  • Collector salespersons and credit agents

    Collector salespersons and credit agents visit private households to obtain orders and collect payments for goods and services.
    Business and finance Retail and sales
  • Communication operators

    Job holders in this unit group operate telecommunications equipment to transmit and receive signals and messages.
    Administration Computing technology and digital Retail and sales
  • Company secretaries

    Company secretaries (excluding qualified chartered secretaries) file and maintain company records, translate notes and dictation into typewritten form and perform other clerical tasks within commercial organisations.
    Administration Business and finance
  • Conference and exhibition managers and organisers

    Job holders in this unit group manage, organise and coordinate business conferences, exhibitions and similar events.
    Managerial Retail and sales
  • Conservation and environmental associate professionals

    Conservation and environmental associate professionals are responsible for the day-to-day running and management of areas of the countryside and the wider environment in a way that reconciles the interests of…
    Creative and media Environment and land
  • Conservation professionals

    Conservation professionals are responsible for ensuring that landscapes, habitats and species are protected and enhanced via appropriate management and conservation. They promote public understanding and awareness of the natural environment…
    Environment and land
  • Construction and building trades n.e.c.

    Those working in construction and building trades n.e.c. undertake a variety of tasks in the construction, alteration, maintenance and repair of buildings, steeples, industrial chimneys and other tall structures, and…
    Construction and trades
  • Construction and building trades supervisors

    Construction and building trades supervisors oversee operations and directly supervise and coordinate the activities of workers in construction and building trades.
    Construction and trades Managerial
  • Construction operatives n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group operate insulating equipment, fix plasterboard or dry linings to ceilings and walls, help construct, maintain, repair and demolish buildings and clean and resurface eroded stonework,…
    Construction and trades
  • Construction project managers and related professionals

    Job holders in this unit group manage and oversee major construction and civil engineering projects and major building contracts for quality of work, safety, timeliness and completion within budget; forecast…
    Construction and trades Managerial
  • Cooks

    Cooks prepare, season and cook food, often using pre-prepared ingredients, in clubs, private households, fast food outlets, shops selling food cooked on the premises and the catering departments and canteens…
    Hospitality and food
  • Counsellors

    Jobholders in this unit group provide counselling services to clients with a wide variety of problems by means of assisting them to reach their own resolutions to the difficulties they…
    Healthcare Social care
  • Crane drivers

    Crane drivers supervise and undertake the operation of cranes, jib cranes, power driven hoisting machinery and power driven stationary engines to raise and lower mine and other cages, and to…
    Transport
  • Credit controllers

    Credit controllers perform financial, administrative and other tasks in relation to credit control and debt collection.
    Administration Business and finance
  • Customer service managers and supervisors

    Job holders in this unit group plan, organise and co-ordinate resources necessary for receiving and dealing with the responses, complaints or further requirements of purchasers and users of a product…
    Administration Managerial Retail and sales
  • Customer service occupations n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of customer service occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 721: Customer Service Occupations.
    Administration Retail and sales
  • Dancers and choreographers

    Dancers and choreographers devise, direct, rehearse and perform classical and contemporary dance routines.
    Creative and media
  • Debt, rent and other cash collectors

    Debt, rent and other cash collectors collect payments due or overdue from households and businesses and empty cash from prepayment meters or machines.
    Business and finance Retail and sales
  • Dental nurses

    Dental nurses prepare patients for, and assist with, dental examinations, prepare and sterilise instruments and maintain case records.
    Healthcare
  • Dental practitioners

    Dental practitioners diagnose dental and oral diseases, injuries and disorders, prescribe and administer treatment, recommend preventative action and, where necessary, refer the patient to a specialist.
    Healthcare
  • Design and development engineers

    Design and development engineers conceive engineering designs from product ideas or requirements in mechanical, electrical and electronic engineering.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Dispensing opticians

    Dispensing opticians supply, fit and service spectacles, contact lenses and other optical aids in accordance with a prescription from an ophthalmologist or optometrist.
    Healthcare
  • Draughtspersons

    Draughtspersons prepare technical drawings, plans, maps, charts and similar items.
    Creative and media
  • Driving instructors

    Driving instructors co-ordinate and undertake the instruction of people learning to drive cars, motorcycles, buses and haulage vehicles.
    Transport
  • Education advisers and school inspectors

    Education advisers and school inspectors plan, organise and direct the educational activities and resources in a local authority education area, and undertake inspections of schools and other training establishments excluding…
    Teaching and education
  • Educational support assistants

    Educational support assistants work with teachers to provide one-to-one support for children with particular learning needs.
    Social care Teaching and education
  • Elected officers and representatives

    Elected representatives in national government formulate and ratify legislation and government policy, act as elected representatives in Parliament, European Parliament, Regional Parliaments or Assemblies, and as representatives of the government…
    Government services Managerial
  • Electrical and electronic trades n.e.c.

    Job holders in this group perform a variety of electrical and electronic occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 524: Electrical and Electronic Trades.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • Electrical and electronics technicians

    Electrical and electronics technicians perform a variety of miscellaneous technical support functions to assist with the design, development, installation, operation and maintenance of electrical and electronic systems.
    Computing technology and digital Science and research
  • Electrical engineers

    Electrical engineers undertake research and design, direct construction and manage the operation and maintenance of electrical equipment, power stations, building control systems and other electrical products and systems.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Electricians and electrical fitters

    Electricians and electrical fitters assemble parts in the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment, and install, maintain, and repair electrical plant, machinery, appliances and wiring.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades
  • Electronics engineers

    Electronics engineers undertake research and design, direct construction and manage the operation and maintenance of electronic motors, communications systems, microwave systems, and other electronic equipment.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Electroplaters

    Electroplaters operate continuous plant to coat metal parts and articles electrolytically, form metal articles by electro- and vacuum-deposition, dip and spray articles with another metal, plastic powder or other material…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Elementary administration occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of elementary clerical and administrative tasks within offices not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP: 921 Elementary Administration Occupations.
    Administration
  • Elementary cleaning occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform elementary cleansing service occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 923: Elementary Cleaning Occupations.
    Home services
  • Elementary construction occupations

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of general labouring and construction duties to assist building, civil engineering and related trades workers in the performance of their tasks.
    Construction and trades
  • Elementary process plant occupations n.e.c.

    Jobholders in this unit group assist the work of machine operatives and perform a variety of manual tasks in foundries, engineering and allied trades and in other process and plant…
    Manufacturing
  • Elementary sales occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of elementary sales related occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 925: Elementary Sales Occupations.
    Retail and sales
  • Elementary security occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of elementary security occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 924: Elementary Security Occupations.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Elementary storage occupations

    Workers in this unit group supply berthed ships with water, oil and petroleum, load and unload cargo from ships, boats and barges, convey household and office furniture, goods, equipment or…
    Delivery and storage
  • Energy plant operatives

    Job holders in this unit group operate boilers to produce hot water or steam and attend and operate compressors, turbines, electrical substations, switchboards and auxiliary plant and machinery to fuel…
    Engineering and maintenance Environment and land
  • Engineering professionals n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of professional engineering functions not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 212: Engineering Professionals.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Engineering technicians

    Engineering technicians perform a variety of technical support functions to assist engineers with the design, development, operation, installation and maintenance of engineering systems and constructions.
    Engineering and maintenance Science and research
  • Environment professionals

    Jobholders in this unit group investigate, address, and advise on a variety of terrestrial and marine environment and resource management issues, including the development and implementation of environmental policies and…
    Environment and land
  • Environmental health professionals

    Jobholders in this unit group use specialist technical skills and knowledge to protect people from health risks associated with the environment in which they live and work. They maintain and…
    Environment and land
  • Estate agents and auctioneers

    Estate agents and auctioneers arrange for the valuation, sale, purchase, rental and leasing of property on behalf of clients.
    Retail and sales
  • Estimators, valuers and assessors

    Estimators, valuers and assessors plan and undertake the calculation of probable costs of civil, mechanical, electrical, electronic and other projects, estimate the value of property and chattels, and investigate insurance…
    Retail and sales
  • Farm workers

    Farm workers perform a variety of tasks, by hand and machine, to produce and harvest crops and to breed and rear cattle, sheep, pigs and poultry.
    Animal care Environment and land
  • Farmers

    Farmers and related occupations cultivate arable crops, fruits and trees, and raise cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and other livestock for consumption.
    Animal care Environment and land
  • Finance and investment analysts and advisers

    Job holders in this unit group advise customers, who may be individuals, companies or specialist groups, on the purchase of investments, insurance, mortgages, pensions and other financial services and products.
    Business and finance
  • Finance officers

    Finance officers oversee book-keeping, general accounting and other financial and related clerical functions mainly within local government and a variety of public sector organisations.
    Administration Business and finance
  • Financial accounts managers

    Job holders in this unit group manage client accounts or departments within financial institutions (such as banks and insurance companies) or manage a variety of financial accounts within other organisations.
    Business and finance Managerial
  • Financial administrative occupations n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group carry out a variety of finance-related administrative functions not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 412: Administrative Occupations: Finance.
    Administration Business and finance
  • Financial and accounting technicians

    Financial and accounting technicians work alongside accountants and other financial professionals in managing the financial affairs of organisations.
    Business and finance
  • Financial institution managers and directors

    Financial institution managers and directors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources of banks, building societies, insurance companies and post offices.
    Business and finance Managerial
  • Financial managers and directors

    Financial managers and directors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate financial information and advise on company financial policy.
    Business and finance Managerial
  • Fire service officers (watch manager and below)

    Workers in this unit group co-ordinate and participate in fire fighting activities, provide emergency services in the event of accidents or bomb alerts, and advise on fire prevention.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Fishing and other elementary agriculture occupations n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of tasks in relation to the breeding and rearing of animals and fish, catch fish at sea and from inland waterways,…
    Animal care Environment and land
  • Fishmongers and poultry dressers

    Fishmongers and poultry dressers clean, cut and prepare fish and poultry for processing or sale.
    Hospitality and food Retail and sales
  • Fitness instructors

    Fitness instructors deliver training in a range of fitness activities, including weight training, yoga, pilates, personal training and other forms of exercise at private health and fitness centres, local authority…
    Sports and leisure Teaching and education
  • Floorers and wall tilers

    Floorers and wall tilers lay composition mixtures (other than mastic asphalt) to form flooring, plan, fit and secure carpet, underlay and linoleum and cover and decorate walls and floors with…
    Construction and trades
  • Florists

    Florists sell flowers and related products in a wholesale or retail business, and design and make up floral bouquets, wreaths, tributes and other floral arrangements for sale to the public.
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Food, drink and tobacco process operatives

    Food, drink and tobacco process operatives set, operate and attend machinery to bake, freeze, heat, crush, mix, blend and otherwise process foodstuffs, beverages and tobacco leaves.
    Hospitality and food Manufacturing
  • Footwear and leather working trades

    Workers in this unit group make and repair shoes, cut out, make up, sew, decorate and finish leather and leather substitute goods other than garments.
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Forestry workers

    Forestry workers perform a variety of tasks related to the planting, cultivation and protection of trees.
    Environment and land
  • Fork-lift truck drivers

    Fork-lift truck drivers operate fork-lift trucks in factories, warehouses, storerooms and other areas to transfer goods and materials.
    Transport
  • Functional managers and directors n.e.c.

    Functional managers and directors in this unit group perform a variety of senior management tasks in respect of other specialist functions or fields of activity in organisations not elsewhere classified…
    Managerial
  • Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers

    Furniture makers and other craft woodworkers make, repair and restore wooden furniture, decorative objects and other crafted pieces of woodwork.
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Further education teaching professionals

    Further education teaching professionals supervise and teach trade, technical, commercial, adult education, secondary and post-secondary courses to students beyond minimum school leaving age.
    Teaching and education
  • Garage managers and proprietors

    Garage managers and proprietors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the day-to-day running of garages and specialist vehicle maintenance and repair establishments.
    Engineering and maintenance Managerial
  • Gardeners and landscape gardeners

    Gardeners and landscape gardeners cultivate flowers, trees, shrubs and other plants in public and private gardens, construct features to improve the appearance of existing terrain, and cut and lay turf.
    Environment and land
  • Glass and ceramics makers, decorators and finishers

    Glass and ceramics workers, form, shape, decorate, smooth and polish glassware, earthenware, refractory goods, clay bricks and other ceramic goods.
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Glass and ceramics process operatives

    Glass and ceramics process operatives position articles ready for firing in kilns and operate and attend furnaces and kilns to make and treat glass and ceramic items.
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Glaziers, window fabricators and fitters

    Job holders in this unit group install pre-glazed wooden, metal or PVC framework, and cut, fit and set glass in windows, doors, shop fronts, and other structural frames.
    Construction and trades
  • Graphic designers

    Graphic designers use illustrative, sound, visual and multimedia techniques to convey a message for information, entertainment, advertising, promotion or publicity purposes, and create special visual effects and animations for computer…
    Computing technology and digital Creative and media
  • Groundsmen and greenkeepers

    Groundsmen and greenkeepers cut and lay turf and maintain areas for golf courses and other sports grounds.
    Environment and land Sports and leisure
  • Hairdressers and barbers

    Hairdressers and barbers shampoo, cut, colour, style and treat hair.
    Beauty and wellbeing
  • Hairdressing and beauty salon managers and proprietors

    Job holders in this unit group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources of hairdressing salons, beauty treatment and similar establishments.
    Beauty and wellbeing Managerial
  • Health and safety officers

    Health and safety officers counsel employees to ensure and promote health and safety in the workplace and co-ordinate accident prevention and health and safety measures within an establishment or organisation.
    Administration Managerial
  • Health associate professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group carry out a variety of technical and complementary support functions not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 321: Health Associate Professionals.
    Healthcare
  • Health care practice managers

    Healthcare practice managers plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the work and resources of medical, dental and other types of healthcare practice, including veterinary practices.
    Healthcare Managerial
  • Health professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of other health-related professional occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 221: Health Professionals. They may work autonomously or in teams…
    Healthcare
  • Health services and public health managers and directors

    Managers and directors in this unit group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the resources and activities of health care providers and purchasers at both district and unit levels.
    Healthcare Managerial
  • Higher education teaching professionals

    Higher education teaching professionals deliver lectures and teach students to at least first degree level, undertake research and write journal articles and books in their chosen field of study.
    Teaching and education
  • Horticultural trades

    Horticultural trades workers intensively cultivate vegetables, plants, fruit, shrubs, trees and flowers in greenhouses, market gardens, nurseries and orchards.
    Environment and land
  • Hospital porters

    Hospital porters perform various manual tasks in hospitals to assist nursing and domestic staff with the care of patients.
    Delivery and storage Healthcare
  • Hotel and accommodation managers and proprietors

    Job holders in this unit group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources of hotels, hostels, lodging homes, holiday camps, holiday flats and chalets, and organise the domestic,…
    Managerial Retail and sales Travel and tourism
  • Housekeepers and related occupations

    Housekeepers and related workers perform domestic cleaning and other housekeeping tasks within private households, hotels, schools, hostels and other non-private households.
    Home services Hospitality and food Travel and tourism
  • Houseparents and residential wardens

    Houseparents and residential wardens are responsible for the care and supervision of children, young offenders and the elderly within residential homes and nurseries, schools or institutions for young offenders.
    Healthcare Home services Social care
  • Housing officers

    Housing officers assess and address housing needs of particular localities and individuals and oversee the day-to-day management of rented properties belonging to local authorities or housing associations.
    Managerial Social care
  • Human resource managers and directors

    Human resource managers and directors plan, organise and direct the personnel, training and industrial relations policies of organisations, advise on resource allocation and utilisation problems, measure the effectiveness of an…
    Administration Managerial
  • Human resources administrative occupations

    Job holders in this unit group provide administrative support for the human resources (HR) operations within organisations.
    Administration
  • Human resources and industrial relations officers

    Human resources and industrial relations officers conduct research and advise on recruitment, training, staff appraisal and industrial relations policies and assist specialist managers with negotiations on behalf of a commercial…
    Administration
  • Importers and exporters

    Importers and exporters buy commodities from overseas for the home market and sell home-produced commodities to overseas markets.
    Business and finance Delivery and storage
  • Industrial cleaning process occupations

    Job holders in this unit group clean manufactured goods, plant and machinery, and industrial, commercial and other premises.
    Manufacturing
  • Information technology and telecommunications directors

    Job holders in this unit group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the work and resources necessary to provide and operate information technology and telecommunications services within an organisation.
    Computing technology and digital Managerial
  • Information technology and telecommunications professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of tasks not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 213: Information Technology and Telecommunication Professionals.
    Computing technology and digital
  • Inspectors of standards and regulations

    Inspectors of standards and regulations undertake investigations and inspections to verify and ensure compliance with acts, regulations and other requirements in respect of: buildings; weights, measures and trade descriptions; the…
    Administration
  • Insurance underwriters

    Insurance underwriters identify and measure the risks associated with an activity, determine whether this risk is insurable and issue insurance polices which provide financial compensation in the event of loss.
    Business and finance
  • IT business analysts, architects and systems designers

    Workers in this unit group provide advice on the effective utilisation of IT and design IT systems in order to meet the business objectives or to enhance the business effectiveness…
    Computing technology and digital
  • IT engineers

    IT engineers install, maintain and repair the physical components of computer systems and equipment.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • IT operations technicians

    IT operations technicians are responsible for the day-to-day running of IT systems and networks including the preparation of back-up systems, and for performing regular checks to ensure the smooth functioning…
    Computing technology and digital
  • IT project and programme managers

    Jobholders in this unit group manage, coordinate and technically supervise specific IT projects and programmes of a discrete duration and/or budget.
    Computing technology and digital
  • IT specialist managers

    IT specialist managers plan, organise, manage and coordinate the provision of specialist IT services and functions in an organisation.
    Computing technology and digital
  • IT user support technicians

    IT user support technicians are responsible for providing technical support, advice and guidance for internal/external users of IT systems and applications, either directly or by telephone, e-mail or other network…
    Computing technology and digital
  • Journalists, newspaper and periodical editors

    Jobholders in this unit group investigate and write up stories and features for broadcasting and for newspapers, magazines and other periodicals, evaluate and manage their style and content and oversee…
    Creative and media
  • Kitchen and catering assistants

    Workers in this unit group assist in the preparation and service of food and beverages in restaurants, cafés and other eating establishments, and perform various cleaning, fetching and carrying tasks.
    Hospitality and food
  • Laboratory technicians

    Laboratory technicians carry out routine laboratory tests and checks, and perform a variety of technical support functions requiring the application of established or prescribed procedures and techniques to assist scientists…
    Science and research
  • Large goods vehicle drivers

    Large Goods Vehicle (LGV) drivers (formerly HGV drivers), collect, transport and deliver goods in rigid vehicles over 7.5 tonnes, articulated lorries and lorries pulling trailers.
    Delivery and storage Transport
  • Launderers, dry cleaners and pressers

    Launderers, dry cleaners and pressers supervise and undertake the washing, dry cleaning, ironing and pressing of clothing, household and other linen, carpets, curtains and other articles.
    Home services
  • Legal associate professionals

    Legal associate professionals provide administrative support for legal professionals, and investigate and make recommendations on legal matters that do not fall within the province of a normal court of law.
    Law and legal
  • Legal professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of other professional legal occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 241: Legal Professionals.
    Law and legal
  • Legal secretaries

    Legal secretaries file and maintain legal and other records, transcribe notes and dictation into typewritten form and perform other routine clerical tasks in legal practices.
    Administration Law and legal
  • Leisure and sports managers

    Leisure and sports managers organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources required for the provision of sporting, artistic, theatrical and other recreational and amenity services.
    Managerial Retail and sales Sports and leisure
  • Leisure and theme park attendants

    Leisure and theme park attendants monitor the operation of amusement arcades, check tickets of entry to theatres and cinemas and show people to their seats, operate rides at funfairs and…
    Sports and leisure
  • Leisure and travel service occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of leisure and travel service occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 621: Leisure and Travel Services.
    Sports and leisure Transport Travel and tourism
  • Librarians

    Librarians appraise, obtain, index, collate and make available library acquisitions and organise and control other library services.
    Computing technology and digital Teaching and education
  • Library clerks and assistants

    Library clerks and assistants classify, sort and file publications, documents, audio-visual and computerised material in libraries and offices.
    Administration
  • Local government administrative occupations

    Job holders in this unit group undertake a variety of administrative and clerical duties in local government offices and departments.
    Administration Government services
  • Management consultants and business analysts

    Jobholders in this unit group advise industrial, commercial and other establishments on a variety of management and business-related matters to assist in the formulation of financial and business policies in…
    Business and finance Managerial
  • Managers and directors in retail and wholesale

    Retail and wholesale managers and directors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the operations of major retail and wholesale establishments in order to maximise business performance and meet financial goals.
    Managerial Retail and sales
  • Managers and directors in storage and warehousing

    Managers and directors in storage and warehousing plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources necessary for the safe and efficient receipt, storage and warehousing of goods and for…
    Delivery and storage Managerial
  • Managers and directors in transport and distribution

    Managers and directors in transport and distribution plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources necessary for the safe, efficient and economic movement of passengers and freight by road,…
    Delivery and storage Managerial Transport
  • Managers and proprietors in agriculture and horticulture

    Managers and proprietors in this unit group plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities and resources of farming establishments cultivating arable crops, fruits, trees and shrubs, and/or raising cattle, sheep, pigs…
    Animal care Environment and land Managerial
  • Managers and proprietors in forestry, fishing and related services

    Managers and proprietors in this unit group plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities and resources of forestry, fishing, animal husbandry and related operations and establishments.
    Animal care Environment and land Managerial
  • Managers and proprietors in other services n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of managerial tasks in other service industries not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 125: Managers and Proprietors in Other Services.
    Managerial
  • Marine and waterways transport operatives

    Marine and waterways transport operatives supervise and carry out a variety of deck duties and operate and maintain engines, boilers and mechanical equipment on board ships, boats and other marine…
    Transport
  • Market and street traders and assistants

    Market and street traders and assistants sell goods (other than refreshments) from stalls, barrows and other portable containers in streets and market places.
    Retail and sales
  • Market research interviewers

    Market research interviewers conduct interviews to collect information on the opinions and preferences of consumers, businesses, the electorate and other selected groups.
    Retail and sales Science and research
  • Marketing and sales directors

    Marketing and sales directors plan, organise and direct market research and formulate and implement an organisation’s marketing and sales policies.
    Creative and media Managerial Retail and sales
  • Marketing associate professionals

    Marketing associate professionals assist in the development and implementation of projects which aim to elicit the preferences and requirements of consumers, businesses and other specified target groups so that suppliers…
    Creative and media Retail and sales
  • Mechanical engineers

    Mechanical engineers undertake research and design, direct the manufacture and manage the operation and maintenance of engines, machines, aircraft, vehicle and ships’ structures, building services and other mechanical items.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Medical and dental technicians

    Medical and dental technicians operate, calibrate and maintain cardiographic and encephalographic testing equipment, assist in the conduct of post mortems, give simple dental treatments, fit artificial limbs and hearing aids,…
    Healthcare
  • Medical practitioners

    Medical practitioners diagnose mental and physical injuries, disorders and diseases, prescribe and give treatment, recommend preventative action, and conduct medical education and research activities. They may specialise in particular areas…
    Healthcare
  • Medical radiographers

    Medical (diagnostic) radiographers operate x-ray machines, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and other imaging devices for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, assist in the diagnosis of injuries and diseases and are involved…
    Healthcare
  • Medical secretaries

    Medical secretaries deal with correspondence, make appointments and handle patients’ queries; file and maintain medical and other records; transcribe notes and dictation; and perform other clerical tasks in hospitals/surgeries and…
    Administration Healthcare
  • Merchandisers and window dressers

    Merchandisers and window dressers replenish stocks of goods in stores, advise retailers on the optimum display of merchandise and create displays of merchandise in shop windows.
    Creative and media Retail and sales
  • Metal machining setters and setter-operators

    Job holders in this unit group operate machines to drill, bore, grind, cut, mill or otherwise shape metal workpieces.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Metal making and treating process operatives

    Metal making and treating process operatives operate furnaces, ovens and other heating vessels, drawing, rolling, extruding, galvanising, forging and other metal processing equipment to smelt, shape and treat metal and…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Metal plate workers, and riveters

    Metal plate workers and riveters mark off, drill, shape, position, rivet and seal metal plates and girders to form structures and frameworks.
    Construction and trades
  • Metal working machine operatives

    Metal working machine operatives operate machines to cut, shape, abrade and otherwise machine metal, use hand and power tools to remove surplus metal and rough surfaces from castings, forgings or…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Metal working production and maintenance fitters

    Metal working production and maintenance fitters erect, install and repair electrical and mechanical plant and industrial machinery, fit and assemble parts and sub-assemblies in the manufacture of metal products and…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Midwives

    Midwives deliver, or assist in the delivery of babies, provide antenatal and postnatal care and advise parents on baby care. They work with other healthcare professionals, and advise on and…
    Healthcare
  • Mobile machine drivers and operatives n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group supervise and undertake the operation of machines to transport, excavate, grade, level, and compact sand, earth, gravel and similar materials, drive piles into the…
    Transport
  • Moulders, core makers and die casters

    Moulders, core makers and die casters make sand, loam and plaster moulds and cores for casting metal and pour or inject molten metal into dies by hand or machine.
    Construction and trades Manufacturing
  • Musicians

    Musicians write, arrange, orchestrate, conduct and perform musical compositions.
    Creative and media
  • National government administrative occupations

    Job holders in this unit group undertake a variety of administrative and clerical duties in national government departments, and in local offices of national government departments.
    Administration Government services
  • Natural and social science professionals n.e.c.

    Jobholders in this unit group perform a variety of scientific research and related activities not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 211: Natural and Social Science Professionals.
    Science and research
  • NCOs and other ranks

    Those holding jobs in this unit group are full-time members of the armed forces of the UK, the Commonwealth and other foreign countries and perform military duties for which there…
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Nursery nurses and assistants

    Nursery nurses and assistants care for children from birth up to seven years of age in day or residential nurseries, children’s homes, maternity units and similar establishments.
    Social care
  • Nurses

    Nurses provide general and/or specialised nursing care for the sick, injured and others in need of such care, assist medical doctors with their tasks and work with other healthcare professionals…
    Healthcare
  • Nursing auxiliaries and assistants

    Nursing auxiliaries and assistants assist doctors, nurses and other health professionals in caring for the sick and injured within hospitals, homes, clinics and the wider community.
    Healthcare Social care
  • Occupational therapists

    Occupational therapists work with people who have a physical or learning disability or mental illness, actively engaging them in purposeful activities in order to maximise self-confidence, independent functioning and well-being.
    Healthcare
  • Office managers

    Office managers plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities and resources of offices within commercial, industrial and other non-governmental organisations and public agencies. (National and local government office managers are classified…
    Administration Managerial
  • Office supervisors

    Office supervisors oversee operations and directly supervise and coordinate the activities of those carrying out general administrative and clerical work and performing specialist administrative and clerical duties in relation to…
    Administration Managerial
  • Officers in armed forces

    Officers in armed forces serve as commissioned officers in Her Majesty’s armed forces, foreign and Commonwealth armed forces; plan, direct, organise and administer military operations; and perform duties for which…
    Emergency and uniform services Government services Managerial
  • Officers of non-governmental organisations

    Officers of non-governmental organisations perform a variety of administrative and clerical tasks in the running of trade associations, employers’ associations, learned societies, trade unions, charitable organisations and similar bodies.
    Administration
  • Ophthalmic opticians

    Ophthalmic opticians test patients’ vision, diagnose defects and disorders and prescribe glasses or contact lenses as required.
    Healthcare
  • Other administrative occupations n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group are responsible for recording, filing and disseminating information for a business, organisation or individual not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 415: Other Administrative Occupations
    Administration
  • Other drivers and transport operatives n.e.c.

    Jobholders in this unit group monitor the activities of bus drivers, conductors and other road transport depot drivers, undertake various tasks related to water transportation, and perform other transportation tasks…
    Transport
  • Other elementary services occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of elementary services occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 927: Other Elementary Services Occupations.
    Administration
  • Other skilled trades n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group engrave jewellery and stoneware, make artificial hairpieces, charge fireworks and munitions with explosive material, make lampshades, wickerwork, toys, dolls, models, candles, artificial flowers, other fancy…
    Construction and trades Manufacturing
  • Packers, bottlers, canners and fillers

    Jobholders in this unit group pack, wrap, fill, label and seal containers by hand or machine.
    Manufacturing
  • Painters and decorators

    Those working in this unit group apply paint, varnish, wallpaper and other protective and decorative materials to interior and exterior walls and surfaces, paint designs on wood, glass, metal, plastics…
    Construction and trades
  • Paper and wood machine operatives

    Paper and wood machine operatives operate machines to treat and cut wood, to produce, treat and cut paper, paperboard, leatherboard, plasterboard and similar material, and to assemble and make wooden…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Paramedics

    Paramedics provide first aid and life support treatment in emergency situations and transport sick and injured people who require skilled treatment.
    Healthcare
  • Parking and civil enforcement occupations

    Job holders in this unit group patrol assigned areas to detect and prevent infringements of local parking regulations and control the parking of vehicles in public and private car parks.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Pensions and insurance clerks and assistants

    Pensions and insurance clerks and assistants provide general clerical support to senior colleagues and perform specialist clerical tasks in relation to the administration of pensions and insurance policies.
    Administration
  • Personal assistants and other secretaries

    Personal assistants and other secretaries provide administrative and secretarial support to individuals, departmental or management teams within organisations.
    Administration
  • Pest control officers

    Pest control officers investigate the presence of pests that are hazardous to public health or cause nuisance, lay traps to capture pests and treat areas of infestation.
    Environment and land
  • Pharmaceutical technicians

    Pharmaceutical technicians work in hospitals or in the community and assist pharmacists in the preparation and dispensing of drugs and medicines.
    Healthcare
  • Pharmacists

    Pharmacists dispense drugs and medicaments in hospitals and pharmacies and advise on and participate in the development and testing of new drugs, compounds and therapies. They counsel on the proper…
    Healthcare
  • Pharmacy and other dispensing assistants

    Pharmacy and other dispensing assistants work under the supervision of pharmacists or other relevant health professionals to dispense drugs and medicines, issue pre-packaged prescriptions, sell over-the-counter medication, dispense spectacles and…
    Healthcare Retail and sales
  • Photographers, audio-visual and broadcasting equipment operators

    Workers in this unit group operate and assist with still, cine and television cameras and operate other equipment to record, manipulate and project sound and vision for entertainment, cultural, commercial…
    Creative and media
  • Physical scientists

    Physical scientists study relationships between matter, energy and other physical phenomena, the nature, composition and structure of the Earth and other planetary bodies and forecast weather conditions and electrical, magnetic,…
    Science and research
  • Physiotherapists

    Physiotherapists plan and apply massage, promote and encourage movement and exercise, use hydrotherapy, electro-therapy and other technological equipment in the treatment of a wide range of injuries, diseases and disabilities…
    Healthcare
  • Pipe fitters

    Workers in this unit group install pipe systems and maintain and repair pipes in major utilities, industrial and construction settings and sites.
    Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • Planning, process and production technicians

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of technical support functions to assist production, process and planning engineers with production programmes and schedules and with manufacturing and processing…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing Science and research
  • Plant and machine operatives n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group operate a variety of plant and machinery not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 812: Plant and Machine Operatives.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Plasterers

    Plasterers apply plaster and cement mixtures to walls and ceilings, fix fibrous sheets and cast and fix ornamental plasterwork to the interior or exterior of buildings.
    Construction and trades
  • Plastics process operatives

    Plastics process operatives attend and operate moulding, extruding, thermoforming, calendering, covering, cutting and other process equipment to make and repair plastic products.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Playworkers

    Playworkers deliver and facilitate play opportunities for children in a range of formal and informal settings including play groups, play schemes, free play locations, and in pre- and after-school activities.
    Social care
  • Plumbers and heating and ventilating engineers

    Jobholders in this unit group assemble, install, maintain and repair plumbing fixtures, heating and ventilating systems and pipes and pipeline systems in commercial, residential and industrial premises and public buildings.
    Construction and trades
  • Podiatrists

    Podiatrists (formerly known as chiropodists) diagnose and treat ailments and abnormalities of the human foot and lower limb, deal with minor infections, injuries and deformities, and conditions resulting from other…
    Healthcare
  • Police community support officers

    Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) support the local police force by patrolling the streets to provide a visible and reassuring presence and to tackle a range of crime and disorder…
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Police officers (sergeant and below)

    Police officers (Sergeant and below) co-ordinate and undertake the investigation of crimes, patrol public areas, arrest offenders and suspects and enforce law and order. Officers of the British Transport Police…
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Postal workers, mail sorters, messengers and couriers

    Workers in this unit group collect, receive, sort and deliver mail, documents, correspondence or messages, either between or within establishments.
    Administration Delivery and storage
  • Precision instrument makers and repairers

    Precision instrument makers and repairers make, calibrate, test and repair precision and optical instruments such as barometers, compasses, cameras, calibrators, watches, clocks and chronometers.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Pre-press technicians

    Pre-press technicians prepare, format and compose text and graphics in a form suitable for use in a variety of print processes.
    Creative and media Engineering and maintenance
  • Primary and nursery education teaching professionals

    Primary (and middle school deemed primary) and nursery education teaching professionals plan, organise and provide instruction to children at all levels up to the age of entry into secondary education.
    Teaching and education
  • Print finishing and binding workers

    Print finishing and binding workers bind books and other publications and finish printed items by hand or machine.
    Creative and media Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Printers

    Printers set up and operate various small offset printing presses and digital printing processes.
    Creative and media Engineering and maintenance
  • Printing machine assistants

    Printing machine assistants set and operate letterpress, platen or cylinder, lithographic and photogravure printing machines, photocopiers, office printers, duplication machines and other reprographic equipment.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Prison service officers (below principal officer)

    Prison service officers (below Principal Officer) direct, co-ordinate and participate in guarding inmates and maintaining discipline in prisons and other detention centres.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Probation officers

    Probation officers work to rehabilitate offenders. They supervise, counsel and help them before trial, during any prison or community sentence and on release from prison.
    Government services Law and legal Social care
  • Process operatives n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of processing occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 811: Process Operatives.
    Manufacturing
  • Product, clothing and related designers

    Product, clothing and related designers plan, direct and undertake the creation of designs for new industrial and commercial products, clothing and related fashion accessories, costumes and wigs, and for building…
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Production and process engineers

    Production and process engineers advise on and direct technical aspects of production programmes to ensure cost-effectiveness and efficiency. This unit group incorporates: planning and quality control engineers who plan production…
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Production managers and directors in construction

    Production managers and directors in construction direct and co-ordinate resources for the construction and maintenance of civil and structural engineering works including houses, flats, factories, roads and runways, bridges, tunnels…
    Construction and trades Managerial
  • Production managers and directors in manufacturing

    Production managers and directors in manufacturing plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources necessary for production in manufacturing industries including the maintenance of engineering items, equipment and machinery.
    Managerial Manufacturing
  • Production managers and directors in mining and energy

    Production managers and directors in mining, energy and water supply plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources necessary for the extraction of minerals and other natural deposits and…
    Engineering and maintenance Environment and land Managerial
  • Programmers and software development professionals

    Programmers and software development professionals design, develop, test, implement and maintain software systems in order to meet the specifications and business objectives of the information system; they also design and…
    Computing technology and digital
  • Property, housing and estate managers

    Job holders within this unit group manage shopping centres, residential areas and private estates, and arrange for the sale, purchase, rental and leasing of property on behalf of clients and…
    Home services Managerial
  • Protective service associate professionals n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group inspect goods to ensure compliance with regulations concerning payment of duty, establish that persons entering and leaving the UK have necessary authorisation for crossing national…
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Psychologists

    Psychologists research, study and assess emotional, cognitive and behavioural processes and abnormalities in human beings and animals and how these are affected by genetic, physical and social factors.
    Healthcare
  • Public relations professionals

    Public relations professionals plan, organise and co-ordinate the activities that promote the image and understanding of an organisation and its products or services to consumers, businesses, members of the public…
    Creative and media
  • Public services associate professionals

    Public services associate professionals supervise, manage and undertake general administrative work in national and local government departments, organise the activities of local offices of national government departments, and promote the…
    Administration Government services
  • Publicans and managers of licensed premises

    Publicans and managers of licensed premises organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources of public houses (non-residential and residential) and bar and catering facilities at non-residential clubs.
    Hospitality and food Managerial Retail and sales
  • Purchasing managers and directors

    Purchasing managers and directors (not retail) plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the purchasing functions of industrial, commercial, government organisations and public agencies to ensure cost-effectiveness.
    Administration Managerial
  • Quality assurance and regulatory professionals

    Jobholders in this unit group plan, organise, co-ordinate and direct the effective measurement monitoring and reporting on the qualitative and regulatory aspects of a specified tangible (industrial production) or non-tangible…
    Administration Engineering and maintenance Law and legal
  • Quality assurance technicians

    Quality assurance technicians perform a variety of technical inspections and testing and monitoring tasks to detect processing, manufacturing and other defects.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing Science and research
  • Quality control and planning engineers

    Quality control and planning engineers plan production schedules, work sequences, and manufacturing and processing procedures to ensure accuracy, quality and reliability.
    Engineering and maintenance
  • Quantity surveyors

    Quantity surveyors advise on financial and contractual matters relating to, and prepare bills of quantities for, construction projects and provide other support functions concerning the financing and materials required for…
    Construction and trades
  • Quarry workers and related operatives

    Quarry workers erect supports in underground workings, set and detonate explosives to loosen rocks and set up and operate drilling equipment to extract minerals (other than coal) from the ground,…
    Environment and land Manufacturing
  • Rail and rolling stock builders and repairers

    Rail and rolling stock builders and repairers erect, fit, assemble and repair rolling stock parts and sub-assemblies, and test and adjust new engines for trains.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Rail construction and maintenance operatives

    Rail construction and maintenance operatives lay, re-lay, repair and examine railway track and maintain surrounding areas.
    Construction and trades
  • Rail transport operatives

    Rail transport operatives assist drivers in the operation of passenger and goods trains, drive locomotive engines in coal mines, guide wagons and coaches in marshalling yards and sidings to make…
    Transport
  • Rail travel assistants

    Rail travel assistants issue, collect and inspect travel tickets, provide information and assistance to railway passengers, operate train doors, and perform a variety of duties on station platforms in connection…
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Receptionists

    Receptionists receive and direct telephone calls and visitors to commercial, government and other establishments.
    Administration
  • Records clerks and assistants

    Records clerks and assistants maintain and update electronic and/or hard copy documents, correspondence and other records, and organise their storage.
    Administration
  • Refuse and salvage occupations

    Refuse and salvage collectors supervise and undertake the collection and processing of refuse from household, commercial and industrial premises.
    Home services
  • Research and development managers

    Managers in this unit group plan, organise, co-ordinate and manage resources to undertake the systematic investigation necessary for the development of new, or to enhance the performance of existing, products…
    Science and research
  • Residential, day and domiciliary care managers and proprietors

    Managers and proprietors in this group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the resources necessary in the provision and running of residential and day care establishments and domiciliary care services for…
    Healthcare Managerial
  • Restaurant and catering establishment managers and proprietors

    Restaurant and catering establishment managers and proprietors plan, direct and co-ordinate the catering services of restaurants, hotels and large-scale catering services within other organisations.
    Hospitality and food Managerial Retail and sales
  • Retail cashiers and check-out operators

    Retail cashiers and check-out operators accept payments from customers and give change in respect of sales or services.
    Retail and sales
  • Road construction operatives

    Road construction operatives construct, repair and maintain roads and lay paving slabs and kerbstones to form pavements and street gutters.
    Construction and trades
  • Roofers, roof tilers and slaters

    Job holders in this unit group cover roofs and exterior walls with felting, sheeting, slates, tiles and thatch to provide a waterproof surface.
    Construction and trades
  • Roundspersons and van salespersons

    Roundspersons and van salespersons deliver and sell food, drink and other goods by calling on householders or by selling from a mobile shop or van and call on households to…
    Retail and sales
  • Routine inspectors and testers

    Jobholders in this unit group inspect and/or test metal stock, parts and products, electrical plant, machinery and electronic components, systems and sub-assemblies, textiles, wood, paper, food, plastics and rubber goods,…
    Manufacturing
  • Rubber process operatives

    Rubber process operatives attend and operate masticating, calendering, mixing, forming, shaping, moulding, extruding, cutting, trimming and winding machines to make and repair rubber products.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Sales accounts and business development managers

    Sales accounts and business development managers plan, organise and undertake market research to meet the requirements of an organisation’s marketing and sales policies.
    Managerial Retail and sales
  • Sales administrators

    Sales administrators provide support to the process of selling equipment, materials and other products or services.
    Administration Retail and sales
  • Sales and retail assistants

    Sales and retail assistants demonstrate and sell a variety of goods and services in shops, stores, showrooms and similar establishments.
    Retail and sales
  • Sales related occupations n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of sales occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 712: Sales Related Occupations.
    Retail and sales
  • Sales supervisors

    Sales supervisors oversee operations and directly supervise and coordinate the activities of sales and related workers in retail and wholesale establishments.
    Managerial Retail and sales
  • Scaffolders, stagers and riggers

    Job holders in this unit group erect and dismantle scaffolding and working platforms, set up lifting equipment and ships’ rigging, maintain and repair steeples, industrial chimneys and other tall structures…
    Construction and trades
  • School midday and crossing patrol occupations

    Workers in this unit group supervise the activities of school children during break and meal times and assist children to cross roads near to the entrances of schools.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • School secretaries

    School secretaries provide administrative support in schools by keeping and maintaining school records and performing a range of routine clerical tasks within the school.
    Administration Teaching and education
  • Science, engineering and production technicians n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of technical support functions not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 311: Science, Engineering and Production Technicians.
    Manufacturing Science and research
  • Secondary education teaching professionals

    Secondary (and middle school deemed secondary) education teaching professionals plan, organise and provide instruction in one or more subjects, including physical education and diversionary activities, within a prescribed curriculum in…
    Teaching and education
  • Security guards and related occupations

    Workers in this unit group protect merchandise, individuals, hotels, offices, factories, public grounds and private estates from injury, theft or damage, and investigate fraud and crime on a non-statutory basis.
    Emergency and uniform services
  • Senior care workers

    Senior care workers routinely oversee and monitor care workers, care assistants and home carers. They also attend to the personal needs and comforts of the elderly and the infirm with…
    Healthcare Social care
  • Senior officers in fire, ambulance, prison and related services

    Fire officers plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the activities and resources of a specific physical or functional area of a statutory or private fire brigade/service and the resources necessary for…
    Emergency and uniform services Government services Managerial
  • Senior police officers

    Senior police officers plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the resources and activities of a specific geographical or functional area of generalised or specialised police work. Senior officers of the British…
    Emergency and uniform services Government services Managerial
  • Senior professionals of educational establishments

    Job holders in this unit group plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the administration, support systems and activities that facilitate the effective running of a university, college or other educational establishment.
    Teaching and education
  • Sewing machinists

    Jobholders in this unit group sew and finish garments by hand or machine, rectify faults in manufactured textile goods and repair worn and damaged garments.
    Manufacturing
  • Sheet metal workers

    Sheet metal workers mark out, cut, shape and join sheet metal using hand or machine tools to make and repair sheet metal products and components (excluding vehicle bodywork).
    Construction and trades
  • Shelf fillers

    Shelf fillers receive incoming goods from storage, check them for damage and place them on the appropriate shelves in the store.
    Delivery and storage Retail and sales
  • Ship and hovercraft officers

    Ship and hovercraft officers command and navigate ships and other craft, co-ordinate the activities of officers and deck and engine room ratings, operate and maintain communications equipment on board ship…
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Shopkeepers and proprietors – wholesale and retail

    Shopkeepers and proprietors in this unit group co-ordinate, direct and undertake the activities in the running of small, independent retail and wholesale establishments.
    Managerial Retail and sales
  • Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades supervisors

    Skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades supervisors oversee operations and directly supervise and coordinate the activities of workers in skilled metal, electrical and electronic trades.
    Construction and trades Managerial Manufacturing
  • Smiths and forge workers

    Smiths and forge workers operate or direct the operation of power hammers and presses to shape heated metal to requirements and to make and repair a variety of metal articles…
    Construction and trades Manufacturing
  • Social and humanities scientists

    Social and humanities scientists study and analyse human behaviour and the origin, structure and characteristics of language; undertake research in areas such as sociology, economics, politics, archaeology, history, philosophy, literature,…
    Science and research
  • Social services managers and directors

    Social services managers and directors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the resources necessary to protect the welfare of certain groups within local authorities including children and young people, families under…
    Healthcare Managerial
  • Social workers

    Social workers provide information, advice and support to those who are socially excluded or are experiencing crisis; they protect the welfare of vulnerable groups including children, young people, people with…
    Social care
  • Solicitors

    Solicitors advise and act on behalf of individuals, organisations, businesses and government departments in legal matters.
    Law and legal
  • Special needs education teaching professionals

    Special needs education teaching professionals organise and provide instruction at a variety of different levels to children who have emotional, behavioural or learning difficulties or physical disabilities. These professionals may…
    Teaching and education
  • Speech and language therapists

    Speech and language therapists are responsible for the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of speech, language, fluency and voice disorders caused by disability, injury or illness.
    Healthcare
  • Sports and leisure assistants

    Sports and leisure assistants, provide and maintain facilities for sporting and recreational activities and supervise their use, maintain the continuity of entertainment and social events, offer odds and accept bets…
    Sports and leisure
  • Sports coaches, instructors and officials

    Sports coaches, instructors and officials work with amateur and professional sportsmen and women to enhance performance, encourage greater participation in sport, supervise recreational activities such as canoeing and mountaineering, and…
    Sports and leisure Teaching and education
  • Sports players

    Professional sportsmen and women train and compete, either individually or as part of a team, in their chosen sport for financial gain.
    Sports and leisure
  • Steel erectors

    Steel erectors fit and erect structural metal framework for buildings and other structures such as metal chimneys.
    Construction and trades
  • Stock control clerks and assistants

    Stock control clerks and assistants receive orders from customers, prepare requisitions or despatch documents for ordered goods, maintain and update records, files and other correspondence in relation to the storage…
    Administration
  • Street cleaners

    Workers in this unit group clean, sweep and remove refuse from public thoroughfares.
    Home services
  • Tailors and dressmakers

    Tailors and dressmakers prepare patterns and make, fit and alter tailored garments, dresses and other articles of clothing.
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Taxation experts

    Taxation experts advise on tax matters and assess tax liabilities.
    Business and finance
  • Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs

    Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs drive motor cars for private individuals, government departments and industrial and commercial organisations, drive taxis for public hire, drive new cars to delivery points…
    Transport Travel and tourism
  • Teaching and other educational professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of other education and teaching occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 231: Teaching and Educational Professionals.
    Teaching and education
  • Teaching assistants

    Teaching assistants assist teachers with their day-to-day classroom work and with routine administrative tasks.
    Social care Teaching and education
  • Telecommunications engineers

    Telecommunications engineers install, maintain and repair public and private telephone systems and maintain, test and repair telecommunications cables.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • Telephone salespersons

    Telephone salespersons obtain, receive, process and record telephone orders for goods and services.
    Retail and sales
  • Telephonists

    Telephonists receive and direct callers in commercial, industrial and other establishments, and operate telephone (public) and office (private) switchboards to advise on, and assist with, making telephone calls and to…
    Administration Computing technology and digital Retail and sales
  • Textile process operatives

    Job holders in this unit group operate machines to prepare natural and synthetic fibres for processing, spin and twist fibre into yarn, thread, twine, rope and other similar material, and…
    Creative and media Manufacturing
  • Textiles, garments and related trades n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group perform a variety of textiles and related craft occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 541: Textiles and Garments Trades.
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Therapy professionals n.e.c.

    Job holders in this unit group plan and apply physical and therapeutic treatments and activities to assist recovery from physical and mental illness and to minimise the effects of disabilities…
    Healthcare
  • Tool makers, tool fitters and markers-out

    Tool makers, tool fitters and markers-out mark out metal for machining and fit, assemble and repair machine and press tools, dies, jigs, fixtures and other tools.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Town planning officers

    Town planning officers direct or undertake the planning of the layout and the co-ordination of plans for the development of urban and rural areas.
    Construction and trades
  • Train and tram drivers

    Job holders in this unit group drive diesel, diesel-electric, electric and steam locomotives that transport passengers and goods on surface and underground railways, and transport passengers in trams.
    Transport
  • Transport and distribution clerks and assistants

    Workers in this unit group perform various clerical functions relating to the transport and distribution of goods and freight.
    Administration Delivery and storage Transport
  • Travel agency managers and proprietors

    Travel agency managers and proprietors plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the resources and activities of travel agencies and booking offices.
    Managerial Retail and sales Travel and tourism
  • Travel agents

    Travel agents advise travellers upon travel arrangements, make bookings and receive payment for travel arrangements made.
    Retail and sales Transport Travel and tourism
  • TV, video and audio engineers

    TV, video and audio engineers service and repair domestic television, video and audio appliances.
    Computing technology and digital Construction and trades Engineering and maintenance
  • Typists and related keyboard occupations

    Job holders in this unit group type letters, memos, reports and other documents from draft, handwritten or dictated matter, using appropriate software packages.
    Administration
  • Tyre, exhaust and windscreen fitters

    Tyre, exhaust and windscreen fitters fit, repair and adjust tyres, exhausts and windscreens on cars, buses, motorcycles and other motor vehicles.
    Construction and trades Manufacturing Transport
  • Undertakers, mortuary and crematorium assistants

    Undertakers, mortuary and crematorium assistants make funeral arrangements for clients, prepare the deceased for burial or cremation, and supervise and assist the proceedings of funerals.
    Healthcare Social care
  • Upholsterers

    Job holders in this unit group upholster vehicle, aircraft and other seating, fix trimmings to the interiors of vehicles and aircraft, upholster furniture such as chairs and sofas, and make…
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Van drivers

    Van drivers collect, transport and deliver goods in vehicles up to 7.5 tonnes in weight.
    Delivery and storage Transport
  • Vehicle and parts salespersons and advisers

    Vehicle and parts salespersons and advisers sell new and used vehicles to the general public, and vehicle accessories and parts to garages, vehicle dealerships and the general public.
    Retail and sales Transport
  • Vehicle body builders and repairers

    Job holders in this unit group construct and repair the bodies of road vehicles, and fit interior and exterior fittings to vehicle bodies.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Vehicle paint technicians

    Vehicle paint technicians use spray equipment to apply paint, cellulose and other protective or decorative materials to the bodywork of motor vehicles.
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Vehicle technicians, mechanics and electricians

    Vehicle technicians, mechanics and electricians accept calls for help and repair and service the mechanical parts and electrical/electronic circuitry and components of cars, lorries, buses, motorcycles and other motor vehicles,…
    Engineering and maintenance Manufacturing
  • Vehicle valeters and cleaners

    Vehicle valeters and cleaners clean, wash and polish the interiors and exteriors of ships, aircraft, trains and road vehicles.
    Home services
  • Veterinarians

    Veterinarians diagnose and treat animal injuries, diseases and disorders, and advise on preventative action. They may work in practices, specialising according to their location in either a rural or urban…
    Healthcare
  • Veterinary nurses

    Veterinary nurses provide assistance to veterinarians in the treatment and care of sick or injured animals.
    Animal care
  • Vocational and industrial trainers and instructors

    Vocational and industrial trainers provide instruction in manual, manipulative and other vocational skills and advise on, plan and organise vocational instruction within industrial, commercial and other establishments.
    Teaching and education
  • Waiters and waitresses

    Waiters and waitresses serve food and beverages in hotels, clubs, restaurants and other establishments.
    Hospitality and food Retail and sales
  • Waste disposal and environmental services managers

    Waste disposal and environmental services managers plan, organise, direct and co-ordinate the operations and development of waste disposal and related environmental services facilities within private firms or public authorities.
    Environment and land Managerial
  • Water and sewerage plant operatives

    Water and sewerage plant operatives operate valves to control water supplies in mains and pipelines, attend screening, filtering, water purifying and sedimentation plant, clear any blockages and patrol and maintain…
    Environment and land Manufacturing
  • Weavers and knitters

    Weavers and knitters set up and operate hand and power operated looms and machines to weave fibre into fabrics and carpet, or to knit (by machine or by hand) garments…
    Construction and trades Creative and media
  • Web design and development professionals

    Jobholders in this unit group design, develop and maintain websites to meet a client’s specified requirements.
    Computing technology and digital
  • Weighers, graders and sorters

    Jobholders in this unit group weigh, grade and sort materials, goods and products.
    Manufacturing
  • Welding trades

    Welding trades workers join metal parts by welding, brazing and soldering, and cut and remove defects from metal using a variety of equipment and techniques.
    Construction and trades
  • Welfare and housing associate professionals n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group provide pastoral care relating to religious denominations, and a variety of welfare-related services including advice on benefits, health, disability and residential care not elsewhere classified…
    Social care
  • Welfare professionals n.e.c.

    Workers in this unit group perform a variety of welfare-related professional occupations not elsewhere classified in MINOR GROUP 244: Welfare Professionals.
    Social care
  • Window cleaners

    Window cleaners wash and polish windows and other glass fittings.
    Home services
  • Youth and community workers

    Youth and community workers provide support to individuals or groups of individuals through a range of activities or services that aim to encourage participation in social and community life and…
    Social care Teaching and education

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